A serious side effect of the usage of steroids in teenage boys is of stunt growth. The usage of steroids retards the growth in the form of height as seen in teenage boys. This takes place because steroids hold an inherent tendency to result in the causation of closing of growth plates at the ends of bones sooner than normal and this results in stoppage of further growth in teenage boys (Kochakian, 1976). It is important to note that retardation in the growth via height takes place with prolonged usage of high doses of anabolic steroids. It is important to note that usage of steroids can also lead to coma and death.
Steroids can have long-lasting and sometimes irreversible side effects on the body. Anabolic steroids have been linked to increased cholesterol, stroke and blood clots, urinary and bowel problems, and problems with the musculoskeletal system. Since steroids are a hormone, much like testosterone, the effects on sex characteristics can be far reaching, causing a kind of hyper-masculinity in young men. They can also cause male-pattern baldness and shrinking of the testicles. The excess of testosterone can also have feminizing effects on young men, such as breast development. (Jerry Adler, 2004)
Many abusers who inject anabolic steroids may use nonsterile injection techniques or share contaminated needles with other abusers. In addition, some steroid preparations are manufactured illegally under nonsterile conditions. These factors put abusers at risk for acquiring lifethreatening viral infections, such as HIV and hepatitis B and C. Abusers also can develop endocarditis, a bacterial infection that causes a potentially fatal inflammation of the inner lining of the heart. Bacterial infections also can cause pain and abscess formation at injection sites.